More “Efforts” Weirdness

In stating deadlines, one can use a vague standard backed up by a precise standard:

Acme shall promptly, and in any event no later than 30 days after it learns of that breach, notify Widgetco of …

Well, thanks to a tip from a participant at a recent in-house “Drafting Clearer Contracts” seminar I did in Palo Alto, I learned that some drafters think you can do something comparable with efforts provisions. Behold the following, which washed up dead on the shores of Lake EDGAR (emphasis added):

Without limiting or affecting the restrictions and obligations of Section 2 above, each party agrees that it will undertake best efforts, and in no event less than reasonable efforts, to ensure that the confidentiality of the other party’s Confidential Information will be maintained …

To which I say, What the freak!

Imposing two vague standards makes no sense. Perhaps drafters think that best efforts means you have to go full throttle, all the time, even if you don’t need to, so adding a reference to reasonable efforts is necessary to allow the party in question to ease up whenever greater exertions aren’t necessary. That’s nonsense: efforts provisions require that the party in question do what’s reasonable in the circumstances, whatever that might be.

This is just another example of drafters thinking they’re pulling some sort of neat ninja drafting trick but are instead advertising to the world that they don’t know what’s going on.

And remember, kids, use only reasonable efforts. If you want to know why, search for efforts on this blog.


And now, some free extras. First, two tweets prompted by my searching on EDGAR for contracts that use best efforts and reasonable efforts in close proximity:

And here’s a tweet by @CherylStephens:

It serves as a reminder that many Canadian and English law firms don’t focus on how to handle efforts in a way that avoids confusion. Instead, they perpetuate, even embellish, misbegotten distinctions. For purposes of Canadian law, the most immediate antidote to that is this article. For purposes of English law, check out this article.

About the author

Ken Adams is the leading authority on how to say clearly whatever you want to say in a contract. He’s author of A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting, and he offers online and in-person training around the world. He’s also chief content officer of LegalSifter, Inc., a company that combines artificial intelligence and expertise to assist with review of contracts.