Using “Including” for Stuff That Isn’t Part of the Class

Today I put this out on Twitter:

This question came to mind because it’s one aspect of including pathology that I haven’t considered.

Here’s an early submission:

I recommend you not do the fruit, including carrots thing. I don’t think it’s confusing, but it is weird. Instead use *drum roll* and. As in fruit and carrots.

Do you have any examples?

(You worried about red fruits, including tomatoes? That’s addressed in this 2019 blog post.)

About the author

Ken Adams is the leading authority on how to say clearly whatever you want to say in a contract. He’s author of A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting, and he offers online and in-person training around the world. He’s also chief content officer of LegalSifter, Inc., a company that combines artificial intelligence and expertise to assist with review of contracts.