Why Law Firms Treat Contract Templates As a Starting Point

I’ve heard lawyers from two English “Magic Circle” law firms say, in different words, the same thing: We treat contract templates as a starting point. We want our young lawyers to figure out for themselves how best to adapt the template to the deal.

That confuses two parts of the deal process, namely (1) coming up with deal points and (2) coming up with the verbiage to express the deal points.

Junior lawyers have their hands full figuring out what terms are required for a given deal. There’s nothing to be gained from leaving junior lawyers to reinvent the wheel by coming up with the verbiage to reflect standard terms.

I suggest that the current approach is entirely a matter of making a virtue of necessity. Law firms are wedded to passive drafting, with results I describe in this post. If law-firm management were more centralized, if law firms were less beholden to the billable hour, and if clients were to insist that law firms be more efficient, more law firms would create contracts using Contract Express or a comparable software. Junior lawyers would create contracts by answering an annotated online questionnaire. They would create a first draft in a fraction of the time that it would take if they had to customize a Word template, and the result would be of higher quality.

Would young lawyers lose anything in the process? Not if they observe what changes are made to the document as a result of the answers they select in the questionnaire—that’s readily accomplished using Contract Express’s “Preview” mode.

Furthermore, there’s a good chance that an output document would require additional changes, whether to reflect nonstandard deal points or the results of negotiation. That would give junior lawyers plenty of opportunity to flex their drafting muscles. If they’re used to working with quality contract language and are trained to draft consistent with a style guide, making bespoke changes to the output of an automated system would be straightforward.

Here’s a more candid assessment of the current system: We treat contract templates as a starting point because that’s the way we’ve always done it, and we’ve made a lot of money doing it that way. Reinventing the wheel doesn’t hurt us; if anything, it means more billable  hours. Any anyway, we’re not comfortable with acknowledging that the bulk of our drafting is commodity work. Our docile clients allow us to get away with an artisanal approach.

About the author

Ken Adams is the leading authority on how to say clearly whatever you want to say in a contract. He’s author of A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting, and he offers online and in-person training around the world. He’s also chief content officer of LegalSifter, Inc., a company that combines artificial intelligence and expertise to assist with review of contracts.